Total parenteral nutrition Meaning is a lifesaver Procedure for patients who cannot get their nitration through eating
Everyone needs calories and protein, in addition to other substances, to stay healthy, TPN is a complete form of nutrition and may include a combination of sugar and carbohydrates (for energy)
Proteins (for muscle strength and Wound healing), lipids (fat) electrolytes and trace elements.
A patient’s prescription may contain all or some of the substances, depending on the condition.
TPN is administered through an intravenous infusion, usually using a central line.
A central line is a special, long –lasting IV line, surgically implanted in the chest, which goes through a vein directly into the heart.
Total Parentral Nutrition Definition
Who are Unable to feed orally or who contraindicated for Normal Diet through oral they are nourished by Intravenously IV Fluids as containing daily commandeered nutritive values i.e, Vitamins, Carbohydrates Proteins, Minerals, Fats
Benefits of Total Parenteral Nutrition Support,
Preservation of Client Nutritional Status,
To Prevent malnutrition and Its Complications,
To meet post-operative Nutritional Needs and complications,
How much TPN Volume to give,
Who requires Total Parental Nutrition Support?
Who cannot eat > 5 days,
Client at risk for malnutrition,
The client is already with Malnutrition or Unable to take from the mouth,
Impaired bowel function,
Need for prolonged bowel rest,
How can diagnose Mall nutrition,
Nursing Assessment for total parenteral Nutrition,
Weight for Height calculation,
Mid arm Muscle circumference,
How much TPN Volume to give ?
By Body Weight, 30 – 50 ml for kg/day,
Normal Maintenance Requirements,
Common Indications for TPN Administration
- GI tract cancer.
- Crohn’s disease.
- Absorption syndrome.
- Inflammatory- bowel disease.
- Ulcerative colitis
- Short-bowel syndrome.
- Cystic fibrosis
- Massive bowel resection.
- Persistent intestinal fistulae.
- Trauma –related GI complications.
- Conditions that severely limit intestinal function,
Total Parenteral Nutrition Complications
- Mechanical Complications,
- Metabolic Complications,
- Infectious complications,
Improper insertion technique,
Insertion site contamination,
Acid – base disorders,